Flint Hills Resources’ North Pole Refinery near Fairbanks has a crude oil processing capacity of about 85,000 barrels per day. It processes North Slope crude oil and supplies gasoline, jet fuel, heating oil, diesel, gasoil and asphalt to Alaska markets. About 60 percent of the refinery’s production is destined for the aviation market.
The company also owns and operates refined petroleum products terminals in Fairbanks and Anchorage. Terminals receive products from the refinery via Alaska Railroad tank cars, annually offloading about 12,000 rail cars. That product is then distributed locally and to locations along Alaska's coastline. The Anchorage terminal facility can store more than 700,000 barrels. A pipeline system extends from the facility one-half mile to the Port of Anchorage and enables bulk fuel transfers to and from other terminals and vessels berthed at the municipality's petroleum, oil and lubricants docks.
Oil was discovered in Alaska’s Prudhoe Bay in 1968, paving the way for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System’s construction. In 1975-76, plans were initiated to build a 25,000 barrel-per-day refinery in North Pole using Alaskan crude. The first crude flowed from Prudhoe Bay in June, 1977; in August, the North Pole Refinery produced its first barrel of product.
Then-owner, Earth Resources, expanded the plant’s capacity to 45,000 barrels per day in 1980, and then sold the majority of its stock to MAPCO. MAPCO furthered expanded the refinery in 1985 to increase the amount of heating and jet fuel produced, and added asphalt and gasoline production. Capacity increased to 90,000 barrels per day in 1985 and further expanded to 130,000 and then 215,000 barrels per day. In March 1998, Williams Companies acquired MAPCO.
Flint Hills Resources Alaska acquired the North Pole Refinery - Alaska's largest - and associated terminals in Fairbanks and Anchorage in July, 2004. The plant celebrated 30 years of operations in August 2007.
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